Beryl, a tiny tropical storm over the south-central Atlantic, is projected to take a path over the northern Caribbean.
As of late Saturday morning, Beryl was moving west-northwestward at about 14 mph (22 km/h) and had maximum sustained winds of 65 mph (105 km/h). Tropical storm force winds extend outward from the centre a mere 35 miles (56 km). Locally drenching showers and thunderstorms extended much farther away from the centre.
Beryl is entering a zone of conditions that are likely to inhibit its further strengthening. Beryl was a Category 1 hurricane from Friday morning to Saturday morning.
Steering winds will guide Beryl, most likely in a weakened state, on a northwest path later this weekend into next week.
This path may take the small center of Beryl over the Leeward Islands on Sunday, perhaps near Martinique. In this area, heavy rainfall and gusts between 60 and 80 mph (65 and 130 km/h) are possible.
Beryl will not impact the Caribbean islands with the magnitude of the impact of Maria, according to AccuWeather Senior Meteorologist Rob Miller.
“In most cases Beryl’s impact on Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands will be like a robust tropical wave and not a hurricane,” Miller said.
Localized heavy rainfall poses the greatest threat
While Beryl is expected to pass near or south of Puerto Rico as a tropical storm, it will still carry significant moisture, resulting in general rainfall totals of 1 to 3 inches, according to Dr. Joel Myers, founder, president and chairman of AccuWeather.
In mountainous terrain, locally heavier to 6 inches is possible.
“This amount of rain is significant because the infrastructure of Puerto Rico was so damaged last year,” Dr. Myers said.
Hurricanes Irma and Maria hit Puerto Rico and other islands hard in 2017. The islands are still recovering.
The hurricanes from last year have reduced some of the canopy of vegetation that would normally slow down runoff.
“Any heavy rainfall is capable of causing flash flooding,” Dr. Myers said. “Heavy rain, of course, can always trigger dangerous mudslides.”
The risk of localized flash flooding and mudslides will be greatest along steep hillsides and in mountainous terrain as these areas may receive the most frequent downpours and heaviest rainfall.
Localized torrential downpours can occur even if the center of Beryl stays south of the islands.
While Beryl is a small storm, drenching showers and thunderstorms may spread out well north of the center as it crosses the northern part of the Caribbean Sea.
The next land mass in the potential path of locally heavy rainfall from Beryl by direct or indirect means will be Hispaniola on Tuesday. Hispaniola is home to the Dominican Republic and Haiti.
Beryl’s small size and forecast weakening is not likely to cause a significant storm surge. However, the risk of rough surf and rip currents will spread westward through the Lesser and Greater Antilles as the storm moves along.
Small craft should remain in port as Beryl approaches.
Complicating factors from recent hurricanes
Trees that have been trimmed and utility lines and structures that have been properly repaired in the wake of hurricanes Irma and Maria from 2017 should fair well.
However, power lines and property repairs that have been jury-rigged could fail and lead to sporadic power outages and other dangers.
Debris should be cleared from storm drains to allow as much runoff to be channelled away as safely as possible.
Weather factors influencing Beryl
Beryl is likely to weaken over the next several days.
“Beryl is in the middle of a large swath of dry air,” according to AccuWeather Senior Meteorologist Paul Walker.
“While wind shear is low enough to allow Beryl to survive now, wind shear is projected to increase as the storm moves west-northwestward into the Caribbean late this weekend and continues to move along early next week,” Walker said.