Every year, five countries are elected to the 15-member Council (10 of whom are non-permanent) for a two-year term, according to a geographical rotation set by the Assembly in 1963, to ensure fair regional representation: five from African and Asian and Pacific States; one from Eastern Europe; two from Latin American States; and two from Western European and Other States (WEOG).
El Salvador competed with Saint Vincent and the Grenadines to represent the Latin American and Caribbean group; St Vincent, however, got the nod with 185 votes to El Salvador 6.
Speaking to the press outside the General Assembly Hall, Prime Minister Ralph Gonsalves, described the election of his multi-island nation of around 110,000 people, as a “historic occasion”.
Mr. Gonsalves added that the country is committed to the principle of sustainable development and, as a Small Island Developing State in danger of inundation by rising seas, is very concerned about the consequences of adverse climate change and intends to work very closely with the other members of the Security Council. The UN, he added, has limitations, but it also has “profound strengths.”
Following a 2014 General Assembly resolution, elections to the non-permanent Security Council seats were moved from October to June, to give incoming countries more time to prepare for their terms, before assuming their responsibilities.