The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria on Wednesday opened a drive to raise US$14 billion to fight the global epidemics but face an uphill battle in the face of donor fatigue.
Host President Emmanuel Macron is to chair the final day of the two-day meeting in the French city of Lyon on Thursday and meet African heads of state.
“I count on every one of you to bring together the financing necessary to give the Global Fund the means necessary to support the worst affected countries,” said French Health Minister Agnes Buzyn as the meeting opened.
“We are here to send a strong signal. A collective, universal and ambitious signal,” she added.
The UN’s World Health Organisation says 770,000 people died of HIV-related causes last year. Tuberculosis, a high risk for HIV-positive people, claimed some 1.7 million lives in 2017, and malaria more than 430,000.
The meeting is the sixth to replenish the fund since it was set up in 2002, with prominent supporters including Microsoft founder Bill Gates and U2 lead singer Bono in attendance.
But officials said ahead of the meeting that collecting such a large sum could prove challenging, especially as global attention moves from AIDS towards fighting climate change.
Anything more than the US$13 billion pledged at the fund’s last meeting three years ago in Montreal “will be considered a success”, said an official in the French presidency.
Macron, however, made it clear at the UN General Assembly in September that he expected no less than US$14 billion, saying “no-one any longer can understand” that people are unable to access medicines for the deadly disease trio.
NGOs insist even more is needed — as much as US$18 billion.
Some countries have announced their contribution. The US is the number one donor with a US$4.68 billion contribution voted by Congress.
Britain is set to pledge US$1.7 billion and Germany US$1.1 billion. It remains to be seen what France will contribute, although Macron has vowed it will be worthy of the country’s historical status as the Fund’s number two donor.
France also wants the private sector to play a bigger role, and the fund is seeking US$1 billion of the total from the business world.
“No amount less than US$14 billion will be acceptable,” the AIDES and Coalition PLUS NGOs said in a statement, urging France to ramp up its contribution by 25 per cent.
“We are here to remember that behind this financial bargaining there are human lives,” said AIDES president Aurelien Beaucamp.
AIDES said that as things stand now, the meeting risks falling US$200-US$500 million short of its target.
Macron will meet leaders including Niger President Mahamadou Issoufou and Cameroon President Paul Biya, while Rwandan President Paul Kagame is also set to be in attendance.
The Global Fund groups states, NGOs and private firms to support public health programmes around the world, investing about US$4 billion every year.
It says it has helped save 32 million lives and provided prevention, treatment and care services to hundreds of millions of people, while the number of deaths caused by AIDS, TB and malaria each year has been reduced by 40 per cent since 2002 in countries where the Fund invests.