Outbreak: "Dengue Considered Epidemic In Martinique" 5200 suspected cases

OUTBREAK

Martinique has reported recent cases of Dengue in the municipalities of Marin, Sainte-Anne, Sainte-Luce, Riviere-Salee, Trois-Ilets, Trinite, Schoelcher, Bellefontaine, and Morne-Vert. Risk exists throughout the country and year-round, with peak transmission from July to January.

Source: ProMED-mail.

Last updated: June 24, 2020. 

Between Epidemiological week  45 of 2019 and EW 22 of 2020 [up to May 2020], a total of 5200 suspected cases of dengue have been reported, including 5 severe cases and one death. An upward trend above the epidemic threshold has been observed since epidemiological week  45 of 2019.
In 2020, the cumulative national incidence of reported cases is 1160 cases per 100 000 population, higher than that reported during the same period in 2019 (117 cases/100 000 population) and has exceeded that observed during the past 5 years.

The highest incidences have been reported in the following 9 municipalities: Marin, Sainte-Anne, Sainte-Luce, Riviere-Salee, Trois-Ilets, Trinite, Schoelcher, Bellefontaine, and Morne-Vert; 5 of these municipalities are in the southern part of the island.

In 2020, the serotypes that have been identified are DENV 2 and DENV 3, with DENV 3 predominating.

Source: International Society For Infectious Diseases
Advice to member states
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The COVID-19 pandemic is placing immense pressure on health care and management systems worldwide. Notwithstanding the impact of COVID-19, there is a crucial need to sustain efforts to address dengue and other arboviral diseases in the framework of the Integrated Management Strategy for prevention and control of arboviral diseases (IMS- arbovirus), which includes management, epidemiology, patient care, laboratory, integrated vector management, and environment.
Member states are urged to make effective use of available resources, as staff, equipment, and supplies are likely to be diverted to provide response to the COVID-19 epidemic within countries.

With this in mind, arboviral disease programs should aim to reduce the transmission and strive to identify early predictors of severe dengue disease at the primary healthcare level. Early identification and management of cases with warning signs will reduce the number of dengue cases requiring hospitalization, alleviating additional strain to more complex levels of care which will be providing care to severe cases of COVID-19 infection.

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