Video footage showed storm surges through coastal towns, and local governors spoke of power supply outages, roofs torn off evacuation centres, damage to infrastructure, flash flooding and blocked roads.
Seven people, including a five-year-old child in Albay province, are reported to have died; two drowned, another was swept away by volcanic mud and another killed by a falling tree.
“The winds are fierce. We can hear the trees being pummelled. It’s very strong,” Francia Mae Borras, 21, told AFP from her home in Albay’s coastal city of Legazpi.
In Quezon province, power supplies were cut in 10 towns after the typhoon toppled trees.
Forecasters on Sunday morning had warned of “catastrophic violent winds and intense to torrential rainfall” as Goni made landfall in eastern Luzon.
By Sunday evening, Goni was moving westward at 25km/h, with maximum sustained winds of 125km/h, forecasters said
How did the Philippines prepare?
The Philippines is used to powerful storms – it is hit by an average of 20 storms and typhoons a year and lost 22 people when Typhoon Molave barrelled through the same region last week.
But this year preparations have been complicated by the Covid-19 virus, which has already caused 380,739 infections and led to 7,221 deaths in the Philippines.
Some 347,000 people were evacuated, civil defence chief Ricardo Jalad said – revising down the one million figure he mentioned ahead of the storm.
Coronavirus patients being treated in isolation tents had been evacuated, officials said.
Ports and airports were shut, and schools, gyms and government-run evacuation centres were being used for covid-secure emergency shelters.
“Evacuating people is more difficult at this time because of Covid-19,” Bicol regional civil defence spokesman Alexis Naz told AFP on Saturday.
Relief goods, heavy machinery and personal protective equipment were being moved into areas of need, but a local mayor in Quezon province said the pandemic had depleted their funds for disaster emergencies.
The Red Cross said it had also put emergency response teams, first aid, hygiene kits and other relief supplies in position ahead of the storm’s arrival.
“People affected by Typhoon Goni were still reeling from the impacts of three previous cyclones that came in October,” said Robert Kaufman of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent in the Philippines.
“The Red Cross is ensuring that their urgent needs are supported amid the challenges posed by the Covid-19 pandemic.”